A study published in European Society of Endocrinology shows increased physical activity during pregnancy was associated with reduced Gestational Diabetes mellitus(GDM) risk while sedentary lifestyle was associated with increased GDM risk among Chinese pregnant women. In a prospective study 11,450 pregnant women underwent a 50-g 1-h glucose challenge test (GCT) at 24-28 weeks of gestation and a 75-g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test if GCT glucose ≥140 mg/dl.

GDM developed in 7.3% of the women. Women with GDM were less likely to be engaged in moderate-to-high physical activity during pregnancy than those without. Moderate-to-high physical activity during pregnancy was associated with decreased risk of GDM. Sitting at home for two-four hours per day and > four hours per day were associated with significantly increased risk of GDM.

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